For years, PHP has been one of the most widely used programming languages for developing websites and applications. Although the language is considered quite stable and secure, it has seen quite a bit of evolution since its release.
PHP frameworks provide well-organized and reusable code. There are tons of PHP frameworks nowadays, this article is a brief overview of the best PHP frameworks to use in 2021 for web development.
The Laravel framework is an open-source PHP framework that uses its own templating language, Blade. It follows the MVC (Model-View-Controller) pattern allowing developers to handle coding tasks in a simple, easy and well-documented way. It uses the Eloquent ORM, an object-relational mapper, allowing developers to define models and relationships in PHP that are translated and executed in SQL.
With excellent documentation and a large community, Laravel is one of the best options for beginners. Its easy to learn syntax makes it the most popular PHP framework among developers. It also allows deployment on the most popular cloud providers. Laravel includes most of the features that may be needed for advanced applications. Users can also install a variety of packages and applications if they need more functionality.
Some features of Laravel:
The CodeIgniter framework also follows the MWC pattern and it is known for its speed. The framework has a very small footprint, around 2 MB including documentation. CodeIgniter provides caching, multiple database support, routing, and other features that are very common in web applications.
With fast loading times and less need for optimization, it performs very well. It also provides the ability to code non-MVC applications. CodeIgniter also comes with defense against CSRF and XSS attacks. The URLs generated by CodeIgniter are cleaner and easier to search than those of other frameworks.
The Symfony framework also has an MVC architecture. It is a very reliable platform that allows developers to add additional modules. Symfony’s modular component system provides additional flexibility, allowing developers to choose the components they need for the project. It also supports most databases including Drizzle, MySQL, Oracle, PostgreSQL, SAP Sybase SQL Anywhere, SQLite, and SQLServer.
Its well-designed codebase allows developers to write codes in fewer lines, which makes applications run faster and smoother. Symfony is ideal for large scale projects and it is also easy to install and configure on most platforms.
The CakePHP framework offers simple and easy installation. It also uses pre-written codes to save a lot of time. It also follows the MVC pattern and its codebase is audited by the Mozilla Secure Open Source program.
Some features of CakePHP:
Yii Framework offers a very easy installation process. Its class code generator, allows developers to easily generate the desired code during the object-oriented programming process. Yii also offers automated CRUD generation.
This framework comes with various security measures including bcrypt for passwords, encryption, authentication and authorization. Its well-prepared documentation also provides information to prevent SQL, XSS, and CSRF injection attacks. Yii helps run third-party code and speed up web applications with four types of caching: data caching, fragment caching, page caching, and HTTP caching.
Phalcon is a comprehensive PHP framework that was originally written in the C and C++ programming languages . The most important feature of the Phalcon framework is that it is extremely fast. Indeed, it uses only a handful of resources, unlike other frameworks available in the market. The framework has been continuously updated since 2012 and has seen quite a few upgrades in recent releases. The latest support release includes components such as ORM, MVC, and caching; it also includes support for PHP 7.
The FuelPHP Framework also follows the MVC but unlike other PHP frameworks, it also supports the HMVC (Hierarchical Model View Controller). This approach adds an extra layer between the controller and the view, which allows for better code organization, greater modularity, increased extensibility, and promotes code reuse. HMVC also consumes less time and memory and allows developers to build with various features, complexities, and sizes.
FuelPHP mainly focuses on security. It uses URI, Input and XSS filtering, CSRF protection and output encoding, making it perfect for web solutions of varying sizes and complexities. It also allows developers to choose the file and folder structure for the project they are working on.